Optimal allocation of emergency medical resources in a mass casualty incident: Patient prioritization by column generation

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Mass casualty incidents create a surge in demand for emergency medical services, and this can often overwhelm the emergency response capacity. Thus, it is critically important to ration the emergency medical resources based on prioritization to maximize the lifesaving capacity. In a traditional triage scenario, the priority for receiving care is solely determined by a patient's criticality at the time of assessment. Recent studies show that a resource-constrained triage is more effective in providing the greatest good to the maximum number of patients. We model this problem as an ambulance routing problem, and determine the order and destination hospitals for patient evacuation. This is formulated as a set partitioning problem, and we apply a column generation approach to efficiently handle a large number of feasible ambulance schedules. We show that the proposed algorithm with a column generation approach solves the problem to near optimality within a short computation time, and the solutions derived by the algorithm outperform fixed-priority resource allocations. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2016-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

BRANCH-AND-PRICE; CONSTRAINED TRIAGE; CLEARING SYSTEM; IMPATIENT JOBS; ALGORITHM; VICTIMS

Citation

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPERATIONAL RESEARCH, v.252, no.2, pp.623 - 634

ISSN
0377-2217
DOI
10.1016/j.ejor.2016.01.028
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/208727
Appears in Collection
IE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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