Bio-based production of monomers and polymers by metabolically engineered microorganisms

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Recent metabolic engineering strategies for bio-based production of monomers and polymers are reviewed. In the case of monomers, we describe strategies for producing polyamide precursors, namely diamines (putrescine, cadaverine, 1,6-diaminohexane), dicarboxylic acids (succinic, glutaric, adipic, and sebacic acids), and omega-amino acids (gamma-aminobutyric, 5-aminovaleric, and 6-aminocaproic acids). Also, strategies for producing diols (monoethylene glycol, 1,3-propanediol, and 1,4-butanediol) and hydroxy acids (3-hydroxypropionic and 4-hydroxybutyric acids) used for polyesters are reviewed. Furthermore, we review strategies for producing aromatic monomers, including styrene, p-hydroxystyrene, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and phenol, and propose pathways to aromatic polyurethane precursors. Finally, in vivo production of polyhydroxyalkanoates and recombinant structural proteins having interesting applications are showcased.
Publisher
CURRENT BIOLOGY LTD
Issue Date
2015-12
Language
English
Article Type
Review
Citation

CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY, v.36, pp.73 - 84

ISSN
0958-1669
DOI
10.1016/j.copbio.2015.07.003
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/207820
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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