Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip

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Light propagation through an optical fibre causes a long, non-resonant (true) time delay used in numerous applications. In contrast to how it is deployed in optical communication systems, fibre is coiled in these applications to reduce footprint. This is a configuration better suited for a chip-based waveguide that would improve shock resistance, and afford the possibility of integration for system-on-a-chip functionality. However, integrated waveguide attenuation rates lag far behind the corresponding rates of optical fibre, featuring attenuation many orders larger. Here we demonstrate a monolithic waveguide as long as 27 m (39 m optical path length), and featuring broadband loss rate values of (0.08 +/- 0.01) dB m(-1) measured over 7 m by optical backscatter. Resonator measurements show a further reduction of loss to 0.037 dB m(-1), close to that of optical fibres when first considered a viable technology. Scaling this waveguide to integrated spans exceeding 250 m and attenuation rates below 0.01 dB m(-1) is discussed.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2012-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

WAVE-GUIDES; PROPAGATION LOSS; RESONATORS

Citation

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.3

ISSN
2041-1723
DOI
10.1038/ncomms1876
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/198985
Appears in Collection
NT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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