In this experimental study, we investigated the effects of high ambient temperatures and dilute concentrations of nanoparticles (NPs) on the autoignition and combustion characteristics of kerosene-based nanofluid droplets. An isolated kerosene droplet containing 0.1%, 0.5% or 1.0% by weight of aluminum (Al) NPs suspended on a silicon carbide (SiC) fiber was suddenly exposed to an elevated temperature (in range 400-800 degrees C) at atmospheric pressure (0.1 MPa) under normal gravity, and the autoignition and combustion characteristics were examined. The ignition delay time, burning rate constant and combustion characteristics of pure and stabilized kerosene droplets were also observed for comparison. The results indicate that, similar to pure kerosene droplets, the ignition delay time of NP-laden kerosene (n-Al/kerosene) droplets also followed the Arrhenius expression and decreased exponentially with increasing temperature. However, the addition of dilute concentrations of Al NPs to kerosene reduced the ignition delay and lowered the minimum ignition temperature to 600 degrees C, at which pure kerosene droplets of the same initial diameter were not ignited. In contrast to the combustion of pure and stabilized kerosene droplets, the combustion of n-Al/kerosene droplets exhibited disruptive behavior characterized by sudden reductions in the droplet diameter without any prior expansions caused by multiple-time bubble formation and their subsequent rupture at or near the droplet's surface. This bubble pop-up resulted in droplet trembling and fragmentation and ultimately led to enhancement in gasification, vapor accumulation and envelope flame disturbance. The NPs were also brought out of the droplets through these disruptions. Consequently, the burning time and total combustion time of the droplets were reduced, and almost no residue remained on the fiber following combustion. Thus, the combustion rate of n-Al/kerosene droplets was substantially enhanced compared with pure kerosene droplets at all tested temperatures.