Tapered slit filters for high-throughput viable circulating tumor cell isolation = 혈중암세포의 고속 활성유지 선별을 위한 경사진 슬릿형 필터소자

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This thesis presents tapered slit filters for high-throughput viable circulating tumor cell (CTC) isolation. The previous biochemical CTC isolation methods, based on surface-specific antibody bindings, showed different capture efficiencies depending on tumors with the reduced cell viability due to irreversible antibody binding. The previous physical CTC isolation methods, using straight hole filters, generated stress concentration in the captured CTC; thus resulting in cell damage and rupture. In this thesis, we propose a membrane filter having tapered slits to achieve high-throughput and viable CTC isolation with the minimal cell stress reduced to 18% of the stress generated in straight hole filters. We design two types of tapered slit filters, Filter 6 and 8, respectively containing the tapered slits hav-ing the outlet width of 6 and 8μm at the slit density of 34,445/cm2 on a membrane. We decide the outlet widths of the tapered slits considering the size and deformability of the cells in blood. We fabricate the slits having tapered angle of 2 degree on SU8 membrane by adjusting UV expose dose and the air gap between the membrane and photomask. The performance of the fabricated tapered slit filters have been characterized using the human lung cancer cells (H358G), spiked in PBS (Phosphate buffered saline) and diluted blood (blood:PBS=1:4), respec-tively. Filters 6 and 8 capture the cancer cells spiked in PBS at the efficiency of 89.87% and 80.34% at the sample flow rate of 5ml/h, respectively. Viable cells are collected from the cells captured by Filter 6 and 8 at the recovery rates of 59.14% and 72.99%, respectively; thus showing the viability of 70.24% after 5-day cell culture on the membrane filters. At the increased flow rate of 10 ml/hr, the capture efficiencies were de-creased by 20% and 62 % for Filter 6 and 8, respectively. The best cell isolation conditions of the PBS sample test is found at the flow rate of 5ml/h using Filter 6, and is used in the ...
Advisors
Cho, Young-Horesearcher조영호
Description
한국과학기술원 : 바이오및뇌공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2012
Identifier
567279/325007  / 020104241
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 바이오및뇌공학과, 2012.8, [ vi, 42 p. ]

Keywords

viable isolation; Tapered Slit filter; 혈중암세포; 활성유지선별; Circulating tumor cells; 경사진 슬릿형 필터

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/196311
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=567279&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BiS-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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