UV/blue light photoreceptors involved in photomovement of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 = 남세균 Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803의 광운동성에 관련된 자외선 및 청색광 수용체 연구

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Photomovement in cyanobacteria is a complex interplay between perception of the directional light of various wavelengths, growth characteristics and external environment conditions. Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (hereafter Syn6803) has become the model system to study light signal transduction in cyanobacteria and several important players including photoreceptors and other partners have been identified recently. Multiple photoreceptors such as phytochrome-like proteins, BLUF proteins, and signal transduction pathways are involved in cyanobacterial photomovement. However, the dissection of these interacting pathways has not been accomplished yet. Despite considerable advances that were made during the past decades in the field of phytochrome, the mechanisms and photoreceptors that mediate UV/blue light reception have also remained largely unidentified. The work presented in this thesis can provide a clue to identify the UV/blue photoreceptors and the requisite signaling mechanisms. To elucidate the role of pterin in UV/blue light signal transduction of Syn6803, we analyzed the effects of inactivating the pteridine glycosyltransferase gene (pgtA) on the photomovement of the cyanobacterium Syn6803 under different light conditions. The pgtA mutant displayed abnormal photomovement under UV-A/blue light. Especially, the pgtA mutant showed a negative phototactic response under UV-A (315-400 nm), whereas wild-type did not show any photomovement. Inhibition of pterin biosynthesis by N-acetylserotonin (NAS), an inhibitor of sepiapterin reductase, also inhibited a positive phototactic response of wild-type under white and blue light. In addition, negative phototaxis of the pgtA mutant was observed under UV-A/blue light in the presence of NAS. These results indicated that the product of the PgtA enzyme, cyanopterin, is involved in the inhibition of the negative phototaxis of wild-type by sensing the UV-A. However, 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine-mediated inhibition of GTP ...
Advisors
Choi, Gil-tsuresearcher최길주
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2010
Identifier
586361/325007  / 020045087
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과, 2010.8, [ ix, 178 p. ]

Keywords

cyanobacterium; 자외선 및 청색광; 시네코시스티스; 주광성 운동; 광수용체; 남세균; photoreceptor; photomovement; Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803; UV and blue light

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/196223
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=586361&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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