Carbon–hydrogen versus carbon–chalcogen bond cleavage of furan, thiophene and selenophene by ansa molybdenocene complexes

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[Me2Si(C5Me4)2]MoH2 reacts with furan and benzofuran to yield products resulting from C–H bond cleavage, namely [Me2Si- (C5Me4)2]Mo(g1-C-C4H3O)H and [Me2Si(C5Me4)2]Mo(g1-C-C8H5O)H, whereas the corresponding reactions of selenophene and benzoselenophene yield products resulting from C–Se bond cleavage, namely [Me2Si(C5Me4)2]Mo(g2-C,Se-SeC4H4) and [Me2Si(C5- Me4)2]Mo(g2-C,Se-SeC8H6). On this basis, the reactivity of the selenophene derivatives is analogous to that of previously reported thiophene derivatives, while the reactivity of the furan derivatives is unique. DFT calculations indicate that C–E (E = O, S, Se) bond cleavage is thermodynamically more favored than C–H bond cleavage for each of the chalcogen derivatives. As such, the calculations provide evidence that C–O bond cleavage of the furan derivatives is not observed because of kinetic factors. DFT calculations also demonstrate that the observation of C–S bond cleavage of thiophene by the ansa metallocene [Me2Si(C5Me4)2]MoH2 and C–H bond cleavage by Cp2MoH2 is dictated by thermodynamic factors. Specifically, the Me2Si ansa bridge thermodynamically favors [Me2Si(C5Me4)2]- Mo(g2-C,S-SC4H4) over [Me2Si(C5Me4)2]Mo(g1-C-SC4H3)H because the bridge promotes a shift in the coordination of the cyclopentadienyl rings from g5-coordination towards g3-coordination and this thermodynamically unfavorable modification is stabilized by sulfur-to-metal p-donation within [Me2Si(C5Me4)2]Mo(g2-C,S-SC4H4).
Publisher
Elsevier
Issue Date
2006
Keywords

Molybdenum; Hydrodesulfurization; Hydrodenitrogenation; Ansa metallocene; Furan; Thiophene; Seleneophen

Citation

Polyhedron, Vol.25, No.2, pp.499-512

ISSN
0277-5387
DOI
10.1016/j.poly.2005.08.016
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/18634
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)

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