Toward a Theory of the Primo Vascular System: A Hypothetical Circulatory System at the Subcellular Level

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This paper suggests a theoretical framework for the primo vascular system (PVS), a hypothetical circulatory system, in which extracellular DNA microvesicles interact to form and break down cell structures. Since Bonghan Kim reported the existence of Bonghan ducts and the SNU research team reinvestigated and named it the PVS, there has been series of studies trying to examine its structure and functions. In this paper, we hypothesize that the PVS is the network system in which extracellular DNA microvesicles circulate and interact at the subcellular level, forming and breaking down cell structures. This idea integrates A. Bechamp's idea of microzymas and Bonghan Kim's idea of sanals. A proof of this idea may complement modern medical theory, perhaps providing an essential clue for an alternative solution dealing with modern healthcare problem.
Publisher
HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION
Issue Date
2013
Language
English
Article Type
Review
Keywords

THREAD-LIKE STRUCTURES; MAMMALIAN ORGANS; BONGHAN DUCT; SURFACES; VESSELS; DNA

Citation

EVIDENCE-BASED COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

ISSN
1741-427X
DOI
10.1155/2013/961957
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/175616
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