Single-walled carbon nanotube induced re-entrant hexagonal phases in a Pluronic block copolymer system

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We report a new single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT)-induced re-entrant lyotropic phase behavior of Pluronic F127 block copolymers in water which show two hexagonal phase regions. The small angle X-ray scattering measurements show that as the concentration is increased from 5 to 100 wt% by evaporation, the F127-SWNT/water system exhibits isotropic-hexagonal-(FCC/hex)-BCC-hexagonal-lamellar phase transitions, which is in contrast to the F127/water system showing isotropic-FCC-BCC-hexagonal-lamellar phase transitions. This clearly indicates that, in the F127-SWNT/water system, the 1st hexagonal phase is induced by the presence of long one-dimensional SWNTs and the 2nd hexagonal phase originates from the phase behavior of F127 itself. The presence of SWNTs also induced the shifts of phase transition concentrations and the change of domain sizes. The SWNTs in the hexagonal phases are located in the hydrophobic core (PPO domain) of F127 cylinders, making their orientation parallel to the [001] direction. The possible orientations of SWNTs (which maintain their individuality or very small bundle state) in the FCC and BCC phases were identified based on the epitaxial transitions between corresponding phases (hexagonal to FCC, FCC to BCC, and BCC to hexagonal): [110] in the FCC and < 111 > in the BCC.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2013
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ANGLE NEUTRON-SCATTERING; TRIBLOCK COPOLYMERS; AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS; WATER; DISPERSION; MICELLES; SOLUBILIZATION; NANOPARTICLES; SUSPENSIONS; TRANSITION

Citation

SOFT MATTER, v.9, no.11, pp.3050 - 3056

ISSN
1744-683X
DOI
10.1039/c3sm27589b
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/174647
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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