Photoinduced Charge Transfer in Donor-Acceptor (DA) Copolymer: Fullerene Bis-adduct Polymer Solar Cells

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Polymer solar cells (PSCs) consisting of fullerene bis-adduct and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) blends have shown higher efficiencies than P3HT:phenyl C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) devices, because of the high-lying lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level of the fullerene bis-adducts. In contrast, the use of fullerene bis-adducts in donor-acceptor (DA) copolymer systems typically causes a decrease in the device's performance due to the decreased short-circuit current (J(SC)) and the fill factor (FF). However, the reason for such poor performance in DA copolymer:fullerene bis-adduct blends is not fully understood. In this work, bulk-heterojunction (BHJ)-type PSCs composed of three different electron donors with four different electron acceptors were chosen and compared. The three electron donors were (1) poly[(4,8-bis-(2-ethylhexyloxy)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene)-2,6-diyl-alt-(5-octylthieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione)-1,3-diyl] (PBDTTPD), (2) poly[(4,8-bis-(2-ethylhexyloxy)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene)-2,6-diyl-alt-(4-(2-ethylhexanoyl)-thieno[3,4-b]thiophene)-2,6-diyl] (PBDTTT-C), and (3) P3HT polymers. The four electron acceptors were (1) PCBM, (2) indene-C-60 monoadduct (ICMA), (3) indene-C-60 bis-adduct (ICBA), and (4) indene-C-60 tris-adduct (ICTA). To understand the difference in the performance of BHJ-type PSCs for the three different polymers in terms of the choice of fullerene acceptor, the structural, optical, and electrical properties of the blends were measured by the external quantum efficiency (EQE), photoluminescence, grazing incidence X-ray scattering, and transient absorption spectroscopy. We observed that while the molecular packing and optical properties cannot be the main reasons for the dramatic decrease in the PCE of the DA copolymers and ICBA, the value of the driving force for charge transfer (Delta G(CT)) is a key parameter for determining the change in J(SC) and device efficiency in the DA copolymer- and P3HT-based PSCs in terms of fullerene acceptor. The low EQE and Jsc in PBDTTPD and PBDTTT-C blended with ICBA and ICTA were attributed to an insufficient Delta G(CT) due to the higher LUMO levels of the fullerene multiadducts. Quantitative information on the efficiency of the charge transfer was obtained by comparing the polaron yield, lifetime, and exciton dissociation probability in the DA copolymer:fullerene acceptor films.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2013-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

OPEN-CIRCUIT VOLTAGE; TRANSFER STATE; EFFICIENCY; PERFORMANCE; BLENDS

Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.5, no.3, pp.861 - 868

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/am302479u
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/174581
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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