Conditional Deletion of Pten Leads to Defects in Nerve Innervation and Neuronal Survival in Inner Ear Development

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All cellular phenomena and developmental events, including inner ear development, are modulated through harmonized signaling networks. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), a tumor suppressor, is a major signaling component involved in cross talk with key regulators of development; i.e., Wnt, Notch, and bone morphogenetic proteins. Although Pten function has been studied in various systems, its role in inner ear development is poorly understood. Here, we used inner ear-specific Pten conditional knockout mice and examined the characteristics of the inner ear. In a detailed analysis of the phenotype, reduced cochlear turning and widened epithelia were observed. Phalloidin staining of sensory epithelium revealed that hair cell patterns were disturbed; i.e., additional rows of hair cells were discovered. The neural abnormality revealed a reduction in and disorganization of nerve fibers, including apoptosis at the neural precursor stage. Pten deficiency induced increased phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473. The elevation of inhibitory glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta Ser9 phosphorylation (pGSK3 beta) was sustained until the neuronal differentiation stage at embryonic day 14.5, instead of pGSK3 beta downregulation. This is the first report on the influence of Pten/Akt/GSK3 beta signaling on the development of spiral ganglia. These results suggest that Pten is required for the maintenance of neuroblast number, neural precursors, and differentiation in the inner ear.
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Issue Date
2013-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SPIRAL GANGLION NEURONS; TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR; SENSORY NEURONS; OTIC PLACODE; GROWTH; MOUSE; MICE; PROLIFERATION; COCHLEA; BRAIN

Citation

PLOS ONE, v.8, no.2

ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0055609
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/174559
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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