Cd-free CIGS solar cells with buffer layer based on the In2S3 derivatives

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This study guided by device evaluations was conducted to reveal the reasons for the loss of the photo-generated carriers in CIGS cells with the buffer based on In2S3 derivatives. Chemical bath deposited In-x(OOH,S)(y) films have been employed as a Cd-free buffer layers. When compared to solar cells with CdS buffer layer, the Cu-0.9(In-0.7,Ga-0.3)Se-2.1 (E-g = 1.18 eV) cells with the In-x(OOH,S)(y) buffer exhibited strong voltage-dependent carrier collection and poor spectral response above 500 nm, presumably, due to energy barrier at the junction. In order to improve the charge collection by upward shift of the conduction band minimum of CIGS absorber, In-x(OOH,S)(y)/Cu-0.9(In-0.55,Ga-0.45)Se-2.1 (E-g = 1.30 eV) solar cells were also fabricated and their spectral responses were examined. When compared to the Cu-0.9(In-0.7,Ga-0.3)Se-2.1 cells, the improved spectral response and voltage dependent carrier collection were obtained. Nevertheless, considerable loss in charge collection above 500 nm was still observed. The efficiency reached 9.3% while the Cu-0.9(In-0.7,Ga-0.3)Se-2.1 cell exhibited only the efficiency of 3.4%. Finally, CIGS (E-g = 1.18 eV) solar cells with n-ZnO/i-ZnO/In-x(OOH,S)(y)/CdS/CIGS and n-ZnO/i-ZnO/CdS/In-x(OOH,S)(y)/CIGS configurations were fabricated. The influence of the TCO/buffer interface on the device characteristics was also addressed by means of comparison between the characteristics of two cells employing different interfaces. A 13.0% efficient cell has been achieved from n-ZnO/i-ZnO/CdS/In-x(OOH,S)(y)/CIGS configuration. The obtained data suggested that the limitation of the device efficiency was mainly related to the i-ZnO/In-x(OOH,S)(y) interface. The experimental results provide the knowledge base for further optimization of the interface properties to form high-quality p-n junction in the CIGS solar cells employing the CBD In2S3 buffer layer.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2013
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

OPEN-CIRCUIT VOLTAGE; INDIUM SULFIDE; BAND-OFFSET; HETEROJUNCTION; GROWTH; GAP

Citation

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, v.15, no.23, pp.9239 - 9244

ISSN
1463-9076
DOI
10.1039/c3cp50324k
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/174180
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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