HONSU, a Protein Phosphatase 2C, Regulates Seed Dormancy by Inhibiting ABA Signaling in Arabidopsis

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Seed dormancy, a seed status that prohibits germination even in the presence of inductive germination signals, is a poorly understood process. To identify molecular components that regulate seed dormancy, we screened T-DNA insertion lines and identified a mutant designated honsu (hon). HON loss-of-function mutants display deep seed dormancy, whereas HON-overexpressing lines display shallow seed dormancy. HON encodes a seed-specific group A phosphatase 2C (PP2C) and is one of the major negative regulators of seed dormancy among group A PP2Cs. Like other PP2C family members, HON interacts with PYR1/RCAR11 in the presence of ABA. Our analysis indicates that HON inhibits ABA signaling and activates gibberellic acid signaling, and both of these conditions must be satisfied to promote the release of seed dormancy. However, HON mRNA levels are increased in mutants displaying deep seed dormancy or under conditions that deepen seed dormancy, and decreased in mutants displaying shallow seed dormancy or under conditions that promote the release of seed dormancy. Taken together, our results indicate that the expression of HON mRNA is homeostatically regulated by seed dormancy.
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Issue Date
2013-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ENDOGENOUS ABSCISIC-ACID; NATURAL ALLELIC VARIATION; GENOME-WIDE ANALYSIS; THALIANA L HEYNH; LOSS-OF-FUNCTION; GIBBERELLIN RECEPTOR; GENE-EXPRESSION; FUNCTIONAL-ANALYSIS; NEGATIVE REGULATOR; GERMINATION

Citation

PLANT AND CELL PHYSIOLOGY, v.54, no.4, pp.555 - 572

ISSN
0032-0781
DOI
10.1093/pcp/pct017
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/173917
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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