Enhancement of fluorescence confocal scanning microscopy lateral resolution by use of structured illumination

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Confocal microscopy is an optical imaging technique used to reconstruct three-dimensional images without physical sectioning. As with other optical microscopes, the lateral resolution of the confocal microscope cannot surpass the diffraction limit. This paper presents a novel imaging system, structured illumination confocal scanning microscopy (SICSM), that uses structured illumination to improve the lateral resolution of the confocal microscope. The SICSM can easily be implemented by introducing a structured illumination generating optics to conventional line-scanning fluorescence confocal microscopy. In this paper, we report our analysis of the lateral and axial resolutions of the SICSM by use of mathematical imaging theory. Numerical simulation results show that the lateral resolution of the SICSM is 1.43-fold better than that of the confocal microscope. In the axial direction, however, the resolution of the SICSM is similar to 15% poorer than that of the confocal microscope. This deterioration arises because of a decrease in the axial cut-off frequency caused by the process of generating structured illumination. We propose the use of imaging conditions under which a compromise between the axial and lateral resolutions is chosen. Finally, we show simulated images of diversely shaped test objects to demonstrate the lateral and axial resolution performance of the SICSM.
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Issue Date
2009-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

PATTERNED EXCITATION MICROSCOPY; SUPERRESOLUTION; IMPROVEMENT

Citation

MEASUREMENT SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY, v.20, no.5

ISSN
0957-0233
DOI
10.1088/0957-0233/20/5/055501
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/16598
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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