Two-phase flow heat transfer phenomena with flash evaporation inside a vertical tube were studied experimentally. Void fractions were measured using electrical probes, and the flow patterns were identified from the output voltage signal itself. The flow pattern as well as the beat transfer rates were changing along the axial distance from the tube inlet with the system pressure. As the pressure inside the tube decreases with fixed inlet temperature, the overall heat transfer coefficient through the tube wall and the boiling heat transfer coefficient inside the tube increase whereas the condensation heat transfer coefficient outside the tube decreases. The boiling heat transfer coefficient inside the tube measured by the experiments appeared to be somewhat larger than the value obtained from the Chens correlation. Also, the flow patterns identified from present experiments are at the larger quality region of the low pattern map based on the transition criteria of Mishima and Ishii. This may be due to the non-equilibrium flashing phenomenon occurred at the nozzle exit and the tube inlet ; this also implies that the flow pattern of the two-phase flow depends strongly on the inlet conditions.