The vibration shape of the structure with arbitrary boundary condition under excitation is determined by the governing equation and the boundary condition and driving force. In this paper, driving point impedance that is defined by the ratio of the driving force at one point to the velocity of that point is selected as a measure to identify the boundary condition. First, this paper deals with a string with arbitrary boundary condition. It is selected because of its simplicity, but generality of which exhibits the desired physical phenomena. Particularly the relation among the driving point impedance, the boundary condition and the vibration shape is dealt as a primary step to identify the boundary condition by using the driving point impedance.