MCM-48-like Large Mesoporous Silicas with Tailored Pore Structure: Facile Synthesis Domain in a Ternary Triblock Copolymer-Butanol-Water System

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Assembly of mesostructured silica using Pluronic P123 triblock copolymer (EO20-PO70-EO20) and n-butanol mixture is a facile synthesis route to the MCM-48-like ordered large mesoporous silicas with the cubic Ia3hd mesostructure. The cubic phase domain is remarkably extended by controlling the amounts of butanol and silica source correspondingly. The extended phase domain allows synthesis of the mesoporous silicas with various structural characteristics. Characterization by powder X-ray diffraction, nitrogen physisorption, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy reveals that the cubic Ia3hd materials possess high specific surface areas, high pore volumes, and readily tunable pore diameters in narrow distribution of sizes ranging from 4 to 12 nm. Moreover, generation of complementary pores between the two chiral channels in the gyroid Ia3hd structure can be controlled systematically depending on synthesis conditions. Carbon replicas, using sucrose as the carbon precursor, are obtained with either the same Ia3hd structure or I41/a (or lower symmetry), depending on the controlled synthesis conditions for silica. Thus, the present discovery of the extended phase domain leads to facile synthesis of the cubic Ia3hd silica with precise structure control, offering vast prospects for future applications of large-pore silica materials with three-dimensional pore interconnectivity.
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Issue Date
2005-04-27
Keywords

CUBIC IA(3)OVER-BARD SYMMETRY; X-RAY-SCATTERING; MOLECULAR-SIEVES; ELECTRON CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; PHASE-TRANSFORMATION; MESOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS; SYNTHESIS TEMPERATURE; POWDER DIFFRACTION; NANOPOROUS CARBON; PLATINUM NETWORKS

Citation

Journal- American Chemical Society, Vol.127, No.20, pp.7601-7610

ISSN
0002-7863
DOI
10.1021/ja042601m
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/12508
Appears in Collection
CH-Conference Papers(학술회의논문)

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