In order to calculate the thermal stresses of massive concrete structures in non-steady state conditions the thermal properties of the materials have to be well known. Structural materials such as concrete, rock and soil are heterogeneous, damp and porous so that measurements of their thermal properties by conventional methods would result in large errors. In this study, thermal conductivity was measured by the device, QTM-D3 which is usually used in Japan. Variables are chosen as age, water content, temperature, aggregate content, S/A ratio and type of cementitious materials. Finally a model for thermal conductivity was proposed.