A nonlinear second-order analysis program that properly describes the nonlinear behavior of concrete was developed by using the layering technique. As the slenderness ratio of column is increased, the peaks of P-M curve lie remote from the section interaction diagram for the same eccentricities. But the peaks of P-M curve lie rather close to the section interaction diagram for very large eccentricities. In this study , the effects of compressive strength of concrete, longitudinal steel ratio, and yield strength of steel on second-order moment of concrete columns were analyzed. As the compressive strength of concrete and the yield strength of steel are increased, the ratio of peak axial force to maximum axial strength for concentrically loaded short column( Pu/Po) is decreased. But as the longitudinal steel ratio is increased, the ratio , Pu/Po increases.