Melt processing, mechanical, and fatigue crack propagation properties of reactively compatibilized blends of polyamide 6 and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer

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Within a IUPAC study, melt processing, mechanical, and fatigue crack growth properties of blends of polyamide 6 (PA 6) and poly(acrylonitrilebutadienestyrene) (ABS) were investigated. We focused on the influence of reactive compatibilization on blend properties using a styreneacrylonitrilemaleic anhydride random terpolymer (SANMA). Two series of PA 6/ABS blends with 30 wt % PA 6 and 70 wt % PA 6, respectively, were prepared with varying amounts of SANMA. Our experiments revealed that the morphology of the matrix (PA 6 or ABS) strongly affects the blend properties. The viscosity of PA 6/ABS blends monotonically increases with SANMA concentration because of the formation of high-molecular weight graft copolymers. The extrudate swell of the blends was much larger than that of neat PA 6 and ABS and decreased with increasing SANMA concentrations at a constant extrusion pressure. This observation can be explained by the effect of the capillary number. The fracture resistance of these blends, including specific work to break and impact strength, is lower than that of PA 6 or ABS alone, but increases with SANMA concentration. This effect is most strongly pronounced for blends with 70 wt % PA 6. Fatigue crack growth experiments showed that the addition of 12 wt % SANMA enhances the resistance against crack propagation for ABS-based blends. The correlation between blend composition, morphology and processing/end-use properties of reactively compatibilized PA 6/ABS blends is discussed. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Issue Date
2012-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

NYLON 6/ABS BLENDS; POLYMER BLENDS; 6/STYRENE-ACRYLONITRILE BLENDS; MICROMECHANICAL PROCESSES; MULTICOMPONENT BLENDS; PARTICLE CAVITATION; TOUGHENED NYLON-6; FAILURE PHENOMENA; MORPHOLOGY; ELONGATION

Citation

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, v.124, no.1, pp.740 - 754

ISSN
0021-8995
DOI
10.1002/app.35055
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/102562
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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