Optimal Suppression of Protein Phosphatase 2A Activity Is Critical for Maintenance of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Self-Renewal

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The self-renewal of embryonic stem cells involves a balance between processes governed by crosstalk between intrinsic and extrinsic factors. We hypothesized that protein serine/threonine phosphatase 2A (PP2A) may play a central role in the signaling pathways that regulate human embryonic stem cell (hESC) self-renewal. Biochemical analyses revealed that PP2A activity gradually increases over the course of hESC differentiation; PP2A/C and PP2A/A levels also increased. The overexpression of PP2A/C or the addition of PP2A activator C2-ceramide promoted hESC differentiation. Accordingly, the addition of PP2A inactivator okadaic acid (OA) maintained hESC self-renewal in the absence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The hESCs maintained with OA expressed pluripotency markers and exhibited substantial telomerase activity with normal karyotypes. The hESCs were able to differentiate into derivatives of the three germ layers, both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the addition of OA and bFGF enabled the maintenance of hESC self-renewal without feeder cells, even in chemically defined xeno-free media. These findings shed a light on the role of PP2A in hESC differentiation and provide a novel strategy for maintaining the self-renewal capability of hESC in bFGF-free, feeder cell-free, and xeno-free media through the optimal suppression of PP2A activity using OA. STEM CELLS 2010; 28: 874-884
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date
2010-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GROWTH-FACTOR; C-MYC; PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE; REGULATORY CIRCUITRY; IN-VITRO; PLURIPOTENCY; DIFFERENTIATION; ACTIVATION; PATHWAY; CULTURE

Citation

STEM CELLS, v.28, no.5, pp.874 - 884

ISSN
1066-5099
DOI
10.1002/stem.412
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/101285
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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