Strength Degradation of Oxidized Graphite Support Column in VHTR

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Air-ingress events caused by large pipe breaks are important accidents considered in the design of Very High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors (VHTRs). A main safety concern for this type of event is the possibility of core collapse following the failure of the graphite support column, which can be oxidized by ingressed air. In this study, the main target is to predict the strength of the oxidized graphite support column. Through compression tests for fresh and oxidized graphite columns, the compressive strength of IG-110 was obtained. The buckling strength of the IG-110 column is expressed using the following empirical straight-line formula: sigma(cr.buckling) = 91.34 - 1.01 (L/r). Graphite oxidation in Zone 1 is volume reaction and that in Zone 3 is surface reaction. We notice that the ultimate strength of the graphite column oxidized in Zones 1 and 3 only depends on the slenderness ratio and bulk density. Its strength degradation oxidized in Zone 1 is expressed in the following nondimensional form: sigma/sigma(0) = exp(-kd), k = 0.114. We found that the strength degradation of a graphite column, oxidized in Zone 3, follows the above buckling empirical formula as the slenderness of the column changes.
Publisher
ATOMIC ENERGY SOC JAPAN
Issue Date
2010-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

OXIDATION

Citation

JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v.47, no.11, pp.998 - 1004

ISSN
0022-3131
DOI
10.3327/jnst.47.998
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/100922
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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