Xylitol production is increased by expression of codon-optimized Neurospora crassa xylose reductase gene in Candida tropicalis

Cited 32 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 383
  • Download : 0
Xylose reductase (XR) is the first enzyme in d-xylose metabolism, catalyzing the reduction of d-xylose to xylitol. Formation of XR in the yeast Candida tropicalis is significantly repressed in cells grown on medium that contains glucose as carbon and energy source, because of the repressive effect of glucose. This is one reason why glucose is not a suitable co-substrate for cell growth in industrial xylitol production. XR from the ascomycete Neurospora crassa (NcXR) has high catalytic efficiency; however, NcXR is not expressed in C. tropicalis because of difference in codon usage between the two species. In this study, NcXR codons were changed to those preferred in C. tropicalis. This codon-optimized NcXR gene (termed NXRG) was placed under control of a constitutive glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) promoter derived from C. tropicalis, and integrated into the genome of xylitol dehydrogenase gene (XYL2)-disrupted C. tropicalis. High expression level of NXRG was confirmed by determining XR activity in cells grown on glucose medium. The resulting recombinant strain, LNG2, showed high XR activity (2.86 U (mg of protein)(-1)), whereas parent strain BSXDH-3 showed no activity. In xylitol fermentation using glucose as a co-substrate with xylose, LNG2 showed xylitol production rate 1.44 g L(-1) h(-1) and xylitol yield of 96% at 44 h, which were 73 and 62%, respectively, higher than corresponding values for BSXDH-3 (rate 0.83 g L(-1) h(-1); yield 59%).
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2012-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Keywords

RECOMBINANT SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE; DISRUPTED MUTANT; GLUCOSE; DEHYDROGENASE; FERMENTATION; PARAPSILOSIS; CLONING; TRANSPORTER; IMPROVEMENT; XYL1

Citation

BIOPROCESS AND BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING, v.35, pp.191 - 198

ISSN
1615-7591
DOI
10.1007/s00449-011-0618-8
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/100673
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 32 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0