Numerical Modeling of Reaction and Flow Characteristics in a Blast Furnace with Consideration of Layered Burden

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A blast furnace is modeled as a counter-current bed reactor filled with solid particles of coke and ore where the gas flows upward through the porous media while the bed material moves slowly in the countercurrent direction of the gas flow. An axi-symmetric two-dimensional steady state model is proposed to simulate the gas and the solid flow, where thermo-chemical reactions and heat transfer process are considered. It is assumed that two phases of solid and gas exist in the furnace. The charged material is treated as porous media constructed by alternative coke and ore layers, which have different permeability. The internal gas flow of the furnace is governed principally by burden distribution. For understanding of the influence of the burden distribution on the internal situation, the entire layer structure is predicted from the measured top layer structure and the solid flow is assumed as the potential flow. Using this burden distribution, the flow, energy, and chemical species conservation equations are derived for each phase. In addition, the phase mass generation/consumption caused by reactions, heat transfer between gas and solid phases, and the reaction heat are reflected in source terms in the governing equations. For several different L(o)/L(c) (layer thickness ratio of ore and coke layer) cases, layer structures are constructed and numerical simulations are conducted. The finite volume method was used for the numerical simulations. Through this approach, the flow, composition and temperature distributions within the furnace are numerically predicted.
Publisher
IRON STEEL INST JAPAN KEIDANREN KAIKAN
Issue Date
2010
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MATHEMATICAL-MODEL; DIRECT REDUCTION; SIMULATION

Citation

ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, v.50, no.7, pp.972 - 980

ISSN
0915-1559
DOI
10.2355/isijinternational.50.972
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/100378
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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