The preparation of a metal foam support of Pt/Al2O3 for combustion of hydrogen

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A catalyst bed is an essential component of a passive autocatalytic recombiner (PAR) used to remove hydrogen that is accidentally released during a meltdown of a nuclear reactor power plant. Metal foam was selected as a catalytic support in this study, due to its excellent thermal conductivity and its high surface-to-volume ratio. The support surface area was additionally increased by the application of an Al2O3 washcoat. An investigation of optimum coating conditions of the Pt/Al2O3-coatedmetal foam was performed with respect to the hydrogen conversion rate and the thermal behavior, with the goal of achieving high hydrogen removal rates. The experimental results showed that the hydrogen conversion rates were affected by washcoat weights and platinum weights, and the majority of the experimental conditions of the Pt/Al2O3-coated metal foam showed hydrogen conversion rates over 95%. For cost-effective fabrication, the optimum conditions are an Al2O3 washcoat weight of 45 wt.%, and a platinum weight of 3 wt.%. These will lead to a complete removal of the hydrogen at a hydrogen concentration of 4 vol.%. Furthermore, since a region of high hydrogen concentrations has a temperature lower than about 560 degrees C, which is the ignition limit at a hydrogen concentration of 4 vol.% and ambient pressure, the hydrogen risk can be avoided using the metal foam support. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2010-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CONTAINMENTS

Citation

CATALYSIS TODAY, v.155, no.1-2, pp.45 - 50

ISSN
0920-5861
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/99253
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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