Resonantly forced gravity-capillary lumps on deep water. Part 2. Theoretical model

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A theoretical model is presented for the generation of waves by a localized pressure distribution moving on the surface of deep water with speed near the minimum gravity-capillary phase speed, c(min). The model employs a simple forced-damped nonlinear dispersive equation. Even though it is not formally derived from the full governing equations, the proposed model equation combines the main effects controlling the response and captures the salient features of the experimental results reported in Diorio et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 672, 2011, pp. 268-287 - Part 1 of this work). Specifically, as the speed of the pressure disturbance is increased towards c(min), three distinct responses arise: state I is confined beneath the applied pressure and corresponds to the linear subcritical steady solution; state II is steady, too, but features a steep gravity-capillary lump downstream of the pressure source; and state III is time-periodic, involving continuous shedding of lumps downstream. The transitions from states I to II and from states II to III, observed experimentally, are associated with certain limit points in the steady-state response diagram computed via numerical continuation. Moreover, within the speed range that state II is reached, the maximum response amplitude turns out to be virtually independent of the strength of the pressure disturbance, in agreement with the experiment. The proposed model equation, while ad hoc, brings out the delicate interplay between dispersive, nonlinear and viscous effects that takes place near c(min), and may also prove useful in other physical settings where a phase-speed minimum at non-zero wavenumber occurs.
Publisher
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Issue Date
2011-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ENVELOPE SOLITONS; SOLITARY WAVES

Citation

JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, v.672, pp.288 - 306

ISSN
0022-1120
DOI
10.1017/S0022112010006002
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/98845
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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