Using a sot-gel precursor, Na-ion-doped MgO was prepared and applied to alternative current plasma display panels (ac-PDP). The cathodoluminescence spectra showed that the F(+) center was increased as the concentration of Na(+) was increased. Numerous pores were found on the printed MgO surface and seemed to give higher memory margin of ac-PDP compared to an electron beam-evaporated MgO film. All doped MgO showed higher secondary electron emission than printed pure MgO, likely owing to the O defect states of MgO. In addition, this result indicated the operational memory margin of the ac-PDP was directly proportional to the grade of surface charging. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.