In this study, experiments have been carried out to evaluate the utilization of bottom ash (by-product of power plant) as fine and coarse aggregates in high-strength concrete with compressive strength of 60-80 MPa. Firstly, the chemical and physical characteristics of bottom ash particles, such as chemical compositions, specific gravity and SEM images, were investigated. Further experiments were conducted by replacing fine and coarse bottom ash with normal sand and gravel varying in percentages (25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%). The effect of fine and coarse bottom ash on the flow characteristics and density of concrete mixture was investigated in the aspect of particle shapes and paste absorption of bottom ash. Mechanical properties, such as compressive strengths and modulus of elasticity and flexural strength of high-strength concrete with bottom ash were evaluated. It was found that the slump flow of fresh concrete was slightly decreased from 530 mm to 420 mm when coarse bottom ash was replaced 100% of normal coarse aggregates, while fine bottom ash did not affect the slump flow. Moreover, it also showed that both of fine and coarse bottom ash aggregates had more influence on the flexural strength than compressive strength. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.