Influence of oxidation state of polyaniline on physicochemical and transport properties of Nafion/polyaniline composite membrane for DMFC

Herein, we report the chemical in situ synthesis of Nafion/polyaniline composite membranes, including the different intrinsic oxidation states of polyaniline (PANI) such as leucoemeraldine base (LEB), emeraldine salt (ES), and pernigraniline base (PB). To better understand the role of the oxidation states of PANI, the microstructure changes of the composite membranes were extensively characterized by using the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) ATR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). From an applicative point of view, direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) proton conductivities and methanol permeabilities as well as the DMFC performances of the composite membranes were evaluated by AC impedance spectroscopy, permeability experiments, and single cell experiments. In particular, Naf-ES membranes exhibited a higher selectivity and superior cell performances compared to those of other oxidation states as a result of the effective modification of morphology and physicochemical properties of Nafion. The morphology and physicochemical properties of composite membranes were controlled by specifically manipulating the interactions between Nafion and PANIs by means of the oxidation states of PANI These findings provide a deeper understanding of the influence of the PANI oxidation states on the composite materials as well as a practical strategy to enhance the physical properties and performances of pristine Nafion. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2008-10
Language
ENG
Keywords

X-RAY-SCATTERING; LEUCOEMERALDINE BASE; NAFION; POLYMERIZATION; ANILINE; FILMS; EMERALDINE; MORPHOLOGY; ACTUATORS; IONOMERS

Citation

JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE, v.324, no.1-2, pp.102 - 110

ISSN
0376-7388
DOI
10.1016/j.memsci.2008.06.061
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/9721
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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