Photodissociation Dynamics of Thiophenol-d(1): The Nature of Excited Electronic States along the S-D Bond Dissociation Coordinate

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The S-D bond dissociation dynamics of thiophenol-d(1) (C6H5SD) pumped at 266,243, and 224 nm are examined using the velocity map ion imaging technique. At both 266 and 243 nm, distinct peaks associated with (X) over tilde and (A) over tilde states of the phenylthiyl radical (C6H5SD center dot) are observed in the D+ image at high and low kinetic energy regions, respectively. The partitioning of the available energy into the vibrational energy of the phenylthiyl radical is found to be enhanced much more strongly at 266 nm compared to that at 243 nm. This indicates that the pi pi* electronic excitation at 266 nm is accompanied by significant vibrational excitation. Given the relatively large anisotropy parameter of -0.6, the S-D dissociation at 266 nm is prompt and should involve the efficient coupling to the upper-lying n(pi)sigma* repulsive potential energy surface. The optical excitation of thiophenol at 224 rim is tentatively assigned to the pi sigma* transition, which leads to the fast dissociation on the repulsive potential energy surface along the S-D coordinate. The nature of the electronic transitions associated with UV absorption bands is investigated with high-level ab initio calculations. Excitations to different electronic states of thiophenol result in unique branching ratios and vibrational excitations for the fragment of the phenylthiyl radical in the two lowest electronic states.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2009-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

PHOTOFRAGMENT TRANSLATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY; RESOLVED PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTROSCOPY; NEAR-ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOLYSIS; INTRAMOLECULAR ORBITAL ALIGNMENT; ULTRAFAST INTERNAL-CONVERSION; HYDROGEN-ATOM TRANSFER; NUCLEIC-ACID BASES; CONICAL INTERSECTIONS; AB-INITIO; (1)PI-SIGMA-ASTERISK STATE

Citation

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, v.113, no.39, pp.10410 - 10416

ISSN
1089-5639
DOI
10.1021/jp9076855
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/93991
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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