Self-catalyzed hydrogenation and dihydrogen adsorption on titanium carbide nanoparticles

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The adsorptions of H(2) on metallocarbohedrene Ti(8)Cl(2), and nanocrystal Ti(14)C(13) are studied using first-principles calculations. The Ti atoms serve as catalyst to mediate the dissociation of H(2) to form carbon hydrides, which otherwise would not form. Ti atoms on the surface of the nanocarbides are capable of coordinating with multiple dihydrogen ligands. High hydrogen capacities, 6.1 wt% for Ti(8)C(12) and 7.7 wt% for Ti(14)C(13), were obtained with more than 80% of the H bound in the energy range between 0.17 and 0.89 eV/ H(2). Once the nanoparticles form a macroscopic material, the amount of chemisorbed hydrogen decreases, but additional hydrogen molecules is then up-taken through physisorption. Our study suggests that TiC nanoparticles have potential for H storage at near ambient conditions. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2006-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GENERALIZED GRADIENT APPROXIMATION; ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURES; AB-INITIO; METAL; CLUSTERS; STORAGE; TI8C12; CARBON; METALLOCARBOHEDRENES; NANOCRYSTALS

Citation

CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS, v.425, no.4-6, pp.273 - 277

ISSN
0009-2614
DOI
10.1016/j.cplett.2006.05.034
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/88675
Appears in Collection
NT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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