How are storm time injections different from nonstorm time injections?

One of the key elements of storms and substorms is the injection of energetic particles into the region of near geosynchronous orbit, that is, the sudden flux enhancement in the energy range of tens to hundreds of KeV. This paper reports the observational results on how such injection features during storm times are different from those of nonstorm times. We particularly focus on the difference between proton injections and electron in injections. Based on a number of storm time injection events that meet our strict selection criteria, we find a notable difference between proton injections and electron injections in the energy-spectral dependence of the flux enhancement averaged over the first 30min after the injection onset: The average flux enhancement of many protons injections tends to be bigger at higher energy channels than at lower energy channels, but electron injections exhibit the opposite tendency for the energy-spectral dependence of flux enhancement, i.e., average flux enhancement decreasing with increasing energy. We show that this feature is almost unique only for the injection events during the storm main and early recovery phase. It is suggested that any successful scenario intended to model storm time injections should be able to explain this difference between proton injections and electron injections. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2004-12
Language
ENG
Keywords

SUBSTORMS

Citation

JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS, v.66, pp.1715 - 1725

ISSN
1364-6826
DOI
10.1016/j.jastp.2004.07.034
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/84657
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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