Kinetic formation and thickening of intergranular amorphous films at grain boundaries in barium titanate

Kinetic formation and distribution of amorphous films at grain boundaries during grain growth have been studied in a model ceramic system, BaTiO(3), using single crystal/polycrystal bi-layers. Single crystal containing BaTiO(3) powder compacts with different TiO(2) additions (0.1: 0.4 and 1.0 mol%) were heat-treated at 1250 degreesC for 10 h in H(2) and then annealed at 1350 degreesC, above the eutectic temperature, in air for up to 50 h. During the air-annealing the single crystals grew into fine matrix grains of similar to2.0 mum diameter while no grain growth occurred in the matrix. With the growth of the single crystal, an amorphous film formed at the boundaries between the crystal and the matrix grains, and its thickness increased. As the amount of TiO(2) increased from 0.1 to 1.0 mol%, the film thickness increased about ten times. These experimental results show for the first time that: (i) grain growth in solid-liquid two phase materials can induce the formation and thickening of intergranular amorphous films at dry grain boundaries, and (ii) the film thickening is mainly due to the penetration of liquid pockets at triple junctions into the films formed during grain growth. (C) 2004 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2004-07
Language
ENG
Keywords

SILICON-NITRIDE CERAMICS; POLYCRYSTALLINE CERAMICS; EQUILIBRIUM THICKNESS; LIQUID; GROWTH; GLASS; CRYSTALLIZATION; PHASE; PARTICLES; BEHAVIOR

Citation

ACTA MATERIALIA, v.52, pp.3721 - 3726

ISSN
1359-6454
DOI
10.1016/j.actamat.2004.04.026
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/8361
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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