Cyclic AMP inhibits Akt activity by blocking the membrane localization of PDK1

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Akt is a protein serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in the mitogenic responses of cells to variable stimuli. Akt contains a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and is activated by phosphorylation at threonine 308 and serine 473, Binding of 3 ' -OH phosphorylated phosphoinositides to the PH domain results in the translocation of Akt to the plasma membrane where it is activated by upstream kinases such as (phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-l (PDK1), Over-expression of constitutively active forms of Akt promotes cell proliferation and survival, and also stimulates p70 S6 kinase (p70S6K), In many cells, an increase in levels of intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) diminishes cell growth and promotes differentiation, and in certain conditions cAMP is even antagonistic to the effect of growth factors. Here, we show that cAMP has inhibitory effects on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/PDK/Akt signaling pathway. cAMP potently inhibits phosphorylation at threonine 308 and serine 473 of Akt, which is required for the protein kinase activities of Akt, cAMP also negatively regulates PDK1 by inhibiting its translocation to the plasma membrane, despite not affecting its protein kinase activities. Furthermore, when we co-expressed myristoylated Akt and PDK1 mutants which constitutively co-localize in the plasma membrane, Akt activity was no longer sensitive to raised intracellular cAMP concentrations. Finally, cAMP was also found to inhibit the lipid kinase activity of PI3K and to decrease the levels of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate in vivo, which are required for the membrane localization of PDK1, Collectively, these data strongly support the theory that the cAMP-dependent signaling pathway inhibits Akt activity by blocking the coupling between Akt and its upstream regulators, PDK, in the plasma membrane.
Publisher
AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Issue Date
2001
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

PROTEIN-KINASE-B; GLYCOGEN-SYNTHASE KINASE-3; PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE; GROWTH-FACTOR; SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION; 3T3-L1 ADIPOCYTES; CELL-SURVIVAL; DNA-SYNTHESIS; S6 KINASE; ACTIVATION

Citation

JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, v.276, no.16, pp.12864 - 12870

ISSN
0021-9258
DOI
10.1074/jbc.M001492200
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/79871
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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