Mechanistic Stufies of The Thermolysis of Tic from Tetra(Neopentyl)Titanium(IV).1 Solution Evidence That Titanium Alklidenes Activate Saturated Hydrocarbons

Studies of the thermolysis of Ti(CH2CMe3)(4) in solution have been carried out in parallel with studies of the chemical mechanism responsible for its conversion to titanium carbide under CVD conditions. In hydrocarbon solutions, the neopentyl complex thermolyzes to eliminate 2.1 equiv of neopentane as the principal organic product. A deuterium kinetic isotope effect (k(alpha(H))/k(alpha(D))=5.2+/-0.4) upon deuterating the alkyl groups at the alpha positions provides clear evidence that the initial step in the thermolysis is an ct-hydrogen abstraction reaction-to form neopentane, The activation parameters for this a-hydrogen abstraction process are Delta H-double dagger=21.5+/-1.4 kcal/mol and Delta S-double dagger=-16.6+/-3.5 calf(mol K), The titanium-containing product of this reaction is a titanium alkylidene, which in solution activates C-H bonds of both saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon solvents such as benzene and cyclohexane. Na activation of the C-F bonds of hexafluorobenzene is seen, however. Under special circumstances, a second thermolysis pathway for TiNp4 can be detected, gamma-hydrogen activation, but this pathway is intrinsically about 25 times slower than the alpha-hydrogen abstraction process.
Publisher
Amer Chemical Soc
Issue Date
1997
Language
ENG
Keywords

C-H ACTIVATION; THERMOCHEMICALLY BASED STRATEGIES; HYDROGEN ATOM ABSTRACTION; METAL-CARBON BONDS; THERMAL-DECOMPOSITION; TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE; MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE; CARBENE COMPLEXES; ZIRCONIUM; TANTALUM

Citation

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.119, no.29, pp.6804 - 6813

ISSN
0002-7863
DOI
10.1021/ja970811b
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/73532
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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