Application of Bayesian network to the probabilistic risk assessment of nuclear waste disposal

The scenario in a risk analysis can be defined as the propagating feature of specific initiating event which can go to a wide range of undesirable consequences. If we take various scenarios into consideration, the risk analysis becomes more complex than do without them. A lot of risk analyses have been performed to actually estimate a risk profile under both uncertain future states of hazard sources and undesirable scenarios. Unfortunately, in case of considering specific systems such as a radioactive waste disposal facility, since the behaviour of future scenarios is hardly predicted without special reasoning process, we cannot estimate their risk only with a traditional risk analysis methodology. Moreover, we believe that the sources of uncertainty at future states can be reduced pertinently by setting up dependency relationships interrelating geological, hydrological, and ecological aspects of the site with all the scenarios. It is then required current methodology of uncertainty analysis of the waste disposal facility be revisited under this belief. In order to consider the effects predicting from an evolution of environmental conditions of waste disposal facilities, this paper proposes a quantitative assessment framework integrating the inference process of Bayesian network to the traditional probabilistic risk analysis. We developed and verified an approximate probabilistic inference program for the specific Bayesian network using a bounded-variance likelihood weighting algorithm. Ultimately, specific models, including a model for uncertainty propagation of relevant parameters were developed with a comparison of variable-specific effects due to the occurrence of diverse altered evolution scenarios (AESs). After providing supporting information to get a variety of quantitative expectations about the dependency relationship between domain variables and AESs, we could connect the results of probabilistic inference from the Bayesian network with the consequence evaluation model addressed. We got a number of practical results to improve current knowledge base for the prioritization of future risk-dominant variables in an actual site. (c) 2005 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2006-05
Language
ENG
Keywords

ISOLATION PILOT-PLANT; 1996 PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT; POWER-PLANTS; UNCERTAINTY; VARIABILITY; SYSTEMS; SIMULATION; MODELS

Citation

RELIABILITY ENGINEERING & SYSTEM SAFETY, v.91, no.5, pp.515 - 532

ISSN
0951-8320
DOI
10.1016/j.ress.2005.03.011
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/6920
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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