Ethanol fermentation by Scccharomyces cervisiae was carried out in the cell recycle filter system with a cheap fabric filter having a pore size of 10μm. Maximum biomass concentrations up to 85g/1 were obtained, but in practice operational concentrations were between 50 and 80g/1. Ethanol productivity was 42g/1-hr, with an ethanol concentration of 66g/1 and an ethanol yield of over 86%. Continuous operation was possible by applying periodic backflushing. The ethanol fermentation could be carried out without difficulty at a dilution rate up to 0.8h-1 In order to obtain a high cell concentration and ethanol productivity, development of filter module with the larger filtration area is required.