A low-cost high-efficiency CCFL inverter with new capacitive sensing and control

A new low-cost and efficient cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) inverter for liquid crystal display (LCD) application is suggested in this paper. The topology of the inverter is derived from modified class E-type resonant electronic ballasts and has a dc-like input current. In addition, a new sensing circuit for lamp current and transformer voltage is proposed. A simple RC-network measures the voltage of a ballasting capacitor in series with the lamp instead of the lamp current itself while the lamp is floated. Utilizing the printed circuit board capacitors for the sensing capacitors and integrating small-valued sensing resistors into a control integrated circuit make the inverter very simple, efficient, and cost-effective. The new sensing circuit can solve many problems that arise when a terminal of the lamp is grounded to sense the lamp current. The control circuits for the prototype experiments are also described in detail. The frequency control scheme with a fixed off-time and a varying on-time was chosen to maintain the operation of zero-voltage switching in the entire dimming range and to reduce the complexity of the control circuits. The control circuits have an analog dimming function using a current control loop, a low frequency pulsewidth modulation dimming, open-lamp protection and voltage regulation, and soft-on/off functions.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2006-09
Language
ENG
Keywords

LAMP DRIVER

Citation

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, v.21, pp.1444 - 1451

ISSN
0885-8993
DOI
10.1109/TPEL.2006.880256
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/6698
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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