A method of measuring the transmission loss of silencer using two microphone technique is described. Two microphone methol is used to elliminate the measurement error due to reflected wave spectra in inlet/outlet duct of silencer. Errors associated with the measurement method are studied. Henceforth the methods to effectively supress the influence are presented. Based on these considertions, the appropriate procedure of experimental set-up to measure the transmission loss a silencer is described with experimental verifications.