Mechanisms of surface stress generation and repassivation kinetics for anodic oxidation of W and Al using a laser beam deflection technique and an abrading electrode method - (subtitle) mechanism of oxygen reduction on bare palladium in 0.1M LiOD solution using Pt ring Pd disk electrode = 레이저 빔 반사법과 마모 전극방법을 이용한 텅스텐과 알루미늄 부동태피막의 표면응력과 재부동태화 기구규명에 관한 연구 - (subtitle) 백금 ring-팔라듐 disk 회전전극을 이용한 Pd 전극상에서의 산소환원 반응기구 규명에 관한 연구

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The present work is concerned with the effects of electrolyte composition, applied potential and applied current density on growth kinetic behaviours of tungsten and aluminium with respect to the surface stress changes and repassivation kinetics in the early stage of anodic oxidation. In chapter III, surface stresses generated during the anodic oxidation of tungsten in 0.1M $H_2SO_4$ solution were measured as a function of applied current density and potential step by using a beam deflection technique. The stresses which amounted to a few GPa were developed in the oxide film and were separated into the volumegenerated stress and electrostrictive stress by measuring the transients in deflections upon interrupting the applied current densities. The deflection due to electrostriction was compressive and less than 10\% of total deflection irrespective of applied current density and anodic oxidation time, indicating that the magnitude and sign of the stresses developed during the oxide growth are critically dependent upon the volume-generated stress. Compressive and tensile deflections due to the volume-generated stress were observed at the applied current density of 0.02 mA $cm^{-2}$ and 0.65 mA $cm^{-2}$, respectively. In contrast, the compressive to tensile deflection transition occurred with growing oxide film at various current densities between 0.05 to 0.10 mA $cm^{-2}$. The results are discussed with respect to the relevant reactions occurring at the metal/oxide interface during the oxide growth. Positive potential steps imposed upon the anodic oxide film on tungsten produce instantaneous tensile deflections followed by deflections in a compressive direction. From the experimental results it is suggested that the formation of oxygen vacancies at the metal/oxide interface and their subsequent annihilation by the inward movement of oxygen ion are closely related with the mechanism of build-up and relief of stresses developed during the anodic oxidation of tungs...
Advisors
Pyun, Su-Ilresearcher변수일researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 재료공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1995
Identifier
99193/325007 / 000895102
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 재료공학과, 1995.2, [ vii, 157 p. ]

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/50119
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=99193&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
MS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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