Local velocity measurement in curved pipes using ultrasound technique and FLUENT = 초음파와 FLUENT를 이용한 굴곡 관에서의 속도 측정에 관한 연구

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The FAC (Flow Accelerated Corrosion) issue is studied through measuring local velocities in the curved pipe in order to validate a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) code. The ultrasound technique that has no fluid temperature dependency is selected to measure local velocities because it is non-intrusive to a flow and an accurate velocity measurement is possible. FLUENT is selected for the ultrasound velocimetry calibration in the straight pipe, for a data comparison in the curved pipe and for an analysis of the FAC problem. A local velocity measurement using the ultrasound velocimetry is done not only in the 89.75mm diameter with 3m length straight pipe but also in the same diameter, 0.784m curve radius and 90° curved pipe. In the same flow condition and pipe geometry, the predictions by FLUENT are compared to the experimental data and the maximum error is 7.8%. FLUENT is applied to a flow analysis for the FAC problem. A flow analysis includes a local velocity and shear stress measurement near the wall. A RNG κ-ε turbulence model is selected for the analysis. In the curved pipe with 0.482m/s uniform inlet velocity, this model shows only 0.0025 RMS error of the velocity, compared to the velocity by the ultrasound velocimetry. Various wall roughness heights are applied to boundary conditions of the pipe wall for the simulation that the pipe wall becomes rough as the FAC proceeds. A CANDU feeder pipe is selected for the real scale application of the FAC problem. The selected CANDU feeder pipe has 2.5in (0.0635m) inner diameter, 3.75in (0.09525m) curve radius and 73.1° curved pipe. As a result, it is predicted that the severe FAC could proceed at the inner side of the pipe wall just after the inlet of the curved section and at the outer side of the pipe wall just after the curved section. Moreover, from the roughness heights variation result, it is predicted that the region at the outer side of the pipe wall just after the curved section becomes the most severe re...
Advisors
No, Hee-Cheonresearcher노희천researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 원자력양자공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2002
Identifier
174276/325007 / 020003036
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력양자공학과, 2002.2, [ ix, 52 p. ]

Keywords

FLUENT; Ultrasound; FAC; Local Velocity; 속도 측정; 굴곡 관; 초음파; Curved Pipe

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/49444
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=174276&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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