Tensile properties and morphology of the dynamically cured EPDM and PP/HDPE ternary blends

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The tensile properties and morphology of the polyolefin ternary blends of ethylene- Propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM), polypropylene and high density polyethylene were studied. Blends were prepared in a laboratory internal mixer where EPDM was cured in the presence of PP and HDPE under shear with dicumyl peroxide (DCP). For comparison, blends were also prepared from EPDM which was dynamically cured alone and blended with PP and HDPE later(cure-blend). The effect of DCP concentration, intensity of the shear mixing, and rubber/plastics composition was studied. The tensile strength and modulus increased with increasing DCP concentration in the blends of EPDM-rich compositions but decreased with increasing DCP concentration in blends of PP-rich compositions. In the morphological analysis by scanning electron microscopy (5530, the small amount of EPDM acted as a compatibilizer to HDPE and PP. It was also revealed that the dynamic curing process could reduce the domain size of the crosslinked EPDM phase. When the EPDM forms the matrix, the phase separation effect becomes dominant between the EPDM matrix and PP or HDPE domain due to the crosslinking in the matrix.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date
1987-12
Language
English
Citation

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, v.37, no.0, pp.317 - 334

ISSN
0021-8995
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/4507
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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