In client-server database management systems (DBMSs), inter-transaction caching is an effective technique for improving the performance. However, inter-transaction caching requires a cache consistency maintenance (CCM) protocol to ensure that cached copies at clients are kept mutually consistent. Such a protocol could be complex to implement and expensive to run, since several rounds of message exchange may be required. In this paper, we propose a new CCM scheme based on the primary-copy locking algorithm. In the proposed scheme, a number of lock requests and a data-shipping request are combined into a single message packet to reduce client-server interactions, which are known to be very critical to the performance of client-server DBMSs. We examine its performance tradeoffs on the basis of a simulation model under a wide range of workloads. The performance results indicate that the proposed scheme improves the overall system throughput significantly over the caching two-phase locking and the optimistic two-phase locking scheme. Its higher performance mainly results from its lower communication overhead and lower degree of transaction blocking ratio.