Blend membranes of Nafion/sulfonated poly(aryl ether ketone) for direct methanol fuel cell

Sulfonated poly(aryl ether ketone) (sPAEK) synthesized by LG Chem. was confirmed by FT-IR. To estimate the thermal stability, glass transition temperature and decomposition temperature were investigated. They showed that sPAEK had good thermal properties. The proton conductivity, methanol permeability and water uptake of sPAEK were also measured. Nafion/sulfonated poly(aryl ether ketone) composite membranes were prepared by blending two materials. The blend ratios of sPAEK and Nafion were 2:1, 3:1, 5:1, and 7:1. The blend membranes showed phase separated morphology since they became immiscible during the solvent evaporation process. Due to the differences in specific gravity and solvent concentration profile during the solvent evaporation process, the upper region had lower Nafion volume fraction with smaller domains and the lower region had higher Nafion volume fraction with larger domains. Mechanical properties such as the stress at break, yield stress, Young's modulus, and elongation at break were measured. The sPAEK had better mechanical properties than Nafion. The mechanical properties increased with increasing sPAEK content. Proton conductivity and methanol permeability of the blend membranes were lower than those of Nation. Both decreased with decreasing Nafion content. Since the methanol permeability of sPAEK was lower than that of Nafion, sPAEK acted as the methanol barrier. Water uptake of sPAEK was higher than that of Nafion. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
Elsevier Science Bv
Issue Date
2007-08
Language
ENG
Keywords

PROTON; POLYMER

Citation

JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE, v.300, no.1-2, pp.28 - 35

ISSN
0376-7388
DOI
10.1016/j.memsci.2007.04.029
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/3757
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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