Performances of crosslinked asymmetric poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes for isopropanol dehydration by pervaporation

Asymmetric poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) membranes crosslinked with glutaraldehyde (GA) were prepared by phase inversion technique for pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol (IPA). The crosslinking solutions contain sodium sulfate, sulfuric acid and different contents of GA, wherein sulfuric acid serves as a catalyst. The effects of three variables involved in the membrane preparation, including PVA molecular weight, PVA concentration and GA concentration on pervaporation characteristics were investigated. The results showed that the permeation flux decreases with the increase of these three factors, whereas the selectivity has an opposite trend. The influence of feed IPA concentration and temperature on pervaporation performances was also studied to find optimum operating conditions. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2002-09
Language
ENG
Keywords

ETHANOL-WATER MIXTURES; PVA MEMBRANES; SEPARATION; ACID

Citation

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND PROCESSING, v.41, no.8, pp.693 - 698

ISSN
0255-2701
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/3446
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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