The conventional reflection-type extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) fiber op tic sensor has good sensitivity and resolut ion compared with other types of fiber opti c sensors. However, it has the disadvantage that the EFPI fiber optic sensor is difficu lt to know the direction of physical proper ties, because of the measurement method by only fringe counting. So, it is hard to use
the practical mesurement. But the total ref lected extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometri c (TR-EFPI) fiber optic sensor can measure the direction of the physical properties
without adding other mechanisms and complex
signal process equipments. This paper prese nts the newly designed fiber optic pressure sensor using the TR-EFPI fiber optic sensor with a single mode fiber(SMF), and a micro fabricated diaphragm. The output signal of this type of fiber optic pressure sensor can be easily analyzed based on the spli ced based model proposed by D. Marcuse and
large deflection theory. Then, we can desi gn the optimal length between the thin film of diaphragm and the end of single mode fiber. Therefore, we can know the relation between the deflection of thin film and applied pressure using the large deflection
theory. From these analyses, the relation between the applied pressure and the output signal of TR-EFPI fiber optic sensor can be simulated. It means that we can design the TR-EFPI fiber optic pressure sensor measur ing various conditions by changing the size of thin film. As the newly designed TR-EFPI fiber optic pressure sensor can be fabricat ed in small size and has good sensitivity, it can be applied to medical instrumenmt like pressure sensor and force sensor for
catheter ad minimually invasive surgery robot for safer surgery.