Combination of mechanical alloying and two-stage sintering of a 93W-5.6Ni-1.4Fe tungsten heavy alloy

The microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of a mechanically alloyed and two-stage sintered tungsten heavy alloy were investigated. Elemental powders of tungsten, nickel and iron of a composition corresponding to 93W-5.6Ni-1.4Fe were mechanically alloyed in a tumbler ball mill for 72 h. Mechanically alloyed powders were solid-state sintered at 1300 degreesC for 1 hr in a hydrogen atmosphere followed by secondary sintering at 1445-1485 degreesC for a sintering time ranging from 4 to 90 min. Solid-state sintered tungsten heavy alloys exhibited full densification (above 99% in relative density) due to the enhanced sintering resulting from mechanical alloying. Secondary sintering with a rapid heating rate changed the microstructures of the solid-state sintered alloy with contiguous tungsten phases into a dispersion alloy with spherical tungsten particles embedded in the W-Ni-Fe matrix, maintaining fine tungsten particle due to the combination of a mechanical alloying and a short sintering time. The two-stage sintered tungsten heavy alloy from mechanically alloyed powders showed finer tungsten particle (about 6 mum in diameter) than in conventional liquid-phase sintered tungsten heavy alloys. The mechanical properties of a tungsten heavy alloy were found to be dependent on the microstructural parameters such as tungsten particle size, matrix volume fraction and tungsten/tungsten contiguity which are controllable through the two-stage sintering process. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2003-03
Language
ENG
Keywords

DYNAMIC DEFORMATION-BEHAVIOR; ENERGY PENETRATOR MATERIALS; TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE; STRAIN-RATE; MICROSTRUCTURE; IMPACT; REFINEMENT; COMPOSITES

Citation

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, v.344, no.1-2, pp.253 - 260

ISSN
0921-5093
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/3054
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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