Low-cycle fatigue tests were carried out in air in a wide temperature range from 20 to 650 degrees C with strain rates of 3.2 x 10(-5)-1 x 10(-2) s(-1) for type 316L stainless steel to investigate dynamic strain aging (DSA) effect on the fatigue resistance. The regime of DSA was evaluated using the anomalies associated with DSA and was in the temperature range of 250-550 degrees C at a strain rate of 1 x 10(-4) s(-1), in 250-600 degrees C at 1 x 10(-3) s(-1), and in 250-650 degrees C at 1 x 10(-2) s(-1). The activation energies for each type of serration were about 0.57-0.74 times those for lattice diffusion indicating that a mechanism other than lattice diffusion is involved. It seems to be reasonable to infer that DSA is caused by the pipe diffusion of solute atoms through the dislocation core. Dynamic strain aging reduced the crack initiation and propagation life by way of multiple crack initiation, which comes from the DSA-induced inhomogeneity of deformation, and rapid crack propagation due to the DSA-induced hardening, respectively. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.