Oxalate precipitation of lanthanides and actinides from radioactive waste in the nitric acid media = 질산매질의 방사성 폐액에서 란타나이드와 악티나이드 옥살산염 침전 연구

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Oxalate precipitation for separation of lanthanide and actinide from radioactive waste was examined. The solubilities of rare earth(Y, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er and Yb) oxalates were investigated in nitric acid and oxalic acid media. The oxalate precipitation of americium/neptunium and neodymium with oxalic acid was investigated in the simulated radwaste, which was composed of 10 elements in nitric acid solution. The decomposition of oxalate by hydrogen peroxide was investigated. The rare earth oxalate was precipitated by addition of oxalic acid to rare earth nitrate in nitric acid solution. The concentration of rare earth in filtrate was determined by ICP. The experiment revealed that the solubility decreased as the oxalic acid concentration increased and the nitric acid concentration decreased. Based on the assumption, rare earth ions can react with oxalate ion to form $RE(C_{2}O_{4})_{n}^{3-2n}(n=1,2,3)$ complex, we have proposed a solubility model of rare earth oxalate. In order to estimate the solubility of rare earth oxalate, oxalic acid, hydrogen ion concentration and ionic strength were calculated by stoichiometric material balances of chemicals in precipitation reaction. The activity coefficients of ions were calculated by the modified Debye-Huckel equation. Within the experimental range of oxalate ion activity $1 × 10^{-8}M to $1 × 10^{-5}M, solubility products $K_{sp}$ and equilibrium constants $β_{1}$ for rare earth oxalates, were obtained. The oxalate precipitation of americium and neodymium by oxalic acid was investigated in the simulated radwaste, which was composed of 10 elements(Cs, Sr, Fe, Ni, Pd, Ru, Mo, Zr, Nd and Am) of alkali, alkaline earth, and transition metals in nitric acid solution. The effect of concentrations of oxalic acid and nitric acid in the simulated radwaste on the precipitation yield and purity of Am and Nd was examined. The precipitated fraction of each element increased with increasing concentration of oxalic acid ...
Advisors
Kim, Jong-Dukresearcher김종득researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1997
Identifier
113014/325007 / 000845607
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과, 1997.2, [ xv, 144 p. ]

Keywords

Actinide; Lanthanide; Oxalate precipitation; Radioactive waste; 방사성폐기물; 악티나이드; 란타나이드; 옥살산염침전

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/28737
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=113014&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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