Characteristics of lipase-catalyzed glycerolysis of triglyceride in AOT-isooctane reversed micelles = 역미셀계 내에서 리파제에 의한 트리글리세리드의 글리세롤리시스 반응

Chromobacterium viscosum lipase solubilized in microemulsion droplets of glycerol containing small amount of water stabilized by a surfactant could catalyze the glycerolysis of triolein. A sensitive and simple HPLC method of lipase assay for the glycerolysis reaction was developed. Kinetic analysis of the lipase-catalyzed reaction was found to be possible in reversed micellar system. Among surfactants and organic solvents tested, bis(2-ethylhexyl) sodiumsulfosuccinate (AOT) and isooctane were most effective, respectively for the glycerolysis of triolein in reversed micelles. Temperature effect, pH profile, $k_{m,app}$ and $v_{max,app}$ were determined. Among various chemical compounds, $Fe^{3+}$, $Cu^{2+}$, and $Hg^{2+}$ inhibited the lipase-catalyzed glycerolysis severely. But the glycerolysis activity was partially restorable by adding histidine or glycine to the system containing these metal ions. The glycerolysis activity was dependent on water content and maximum activity was obtained at R value of 1.21. Owing to the computerized trial-and error method (Runge-Kutta numerical integration method), we could present a general kinetic model for lipase-catalyzed glycerolysis in reversed micelles. Chromobacterium viscosum lipase which was adsorbed on liposome and solubilized in microemulsion droplets of glycerol containing a little amount of water could catalyze the glycerolysis of olive oil. Studies on the continuous glycerolysis of olive oil by the immobilized enzyme was done at 37℃ in a continuous stirred vessel bioreactor with polysulfone membrane. The effect of the flow rate of substrate (olive oil) in isooctane on the conversion and composition of the outlet was investigated using high performance liquid chromatography. The conversion increased with decrease in the flow rate. And we studied the effect of water content in the glycerol-water-lipase solution on the glycerolysis reaction. The conversion to desirable products, mono-and di-olein, was improv...
Advisors
Rhee, Joon-Shickresearcher이준식researcher
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1991
Identifier
61663/325007 / 000875810
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생물공학과, 1991.2, [ [ix], 130 p. ]

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/27301
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=61663&flag=t
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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